Wild and Wooly
In a undated newspaper clipping, badly photocopied and put in my family Bible was this story of how the Scholfield brothers, John and Arthur, came to this country from England. I used it as the basis of research on this line and found that it is completely true.
I purchased the Images of America book on Montville (CT) by Jon Chase, the town historian and in it found images of the woolen mill there that my ancestors built.
This is annotated by me:
"March 24, 1793, John Scholfield, his wife Hannah, six children, and his brother Arthur who lived at Standish Foot in Yorkshire
Associating themselves with Jedediah Morse and others of wealth of
Newburyport, Mass, they built and put into operation at , the first wool carding machinery that was ever successfully worked in this country. When all machinery was put into successful operation John Scholfield was agent. The business was prosperous. Byfield, Mass.
John and Arthur Scholfield have the honor of being the pioneer woolen manufacturers in the
United States 1793 to 1798 at Byfield, Mass.
After five years, in 1798, the brothers sold their interest in
Massachusetts and moved to and leased a privilege for fourteen years until 1812. Arthur Scholfield settled at Montville, Conn. , 1802-1803, and John Scholfield bought a mill site of John Congdon at Stillmanville in 1806. Pittsfield, Mass.
This mill was first a saw mill and then an oil mill. Mr. Scholfield operated it for fulling (Fulling is the process of fluffing up an already woven or knitted piece of woolen cloth ) and carding of rolls and manufactured cloth. He operated it in connection with a plant located in
He died in 1820, aged 62 years. Montville, Conn.
The Scholfields were ingenious and able mechanics. In 1808, Arthur Scholfield at
manufactured a piece of broadcloth which President Madison’s (James Madison 1751-1856, our fourth President 1809-1817) inaugural suit was made. Pittsfield, Mass.
The Scholfield satinets (a fabric with a finish resembling satin but made from partially or wholly from cotton or synthetic fibre) were famous."